What Constitutes a Contempt of Court? — Law Insider

  1. The right to freedom of speech and expression is available to the citizens of this country but not to foreign nations.
  2. It is a right to express one’s opinions, views, convictions & beliefs freely by the words of mouth, writing, gestures, printing, pictures & by whatever mode one pleases.
  3. However such right is not absolute. The State may by law impose reasonable restrictions on the grounds stipulated under Art. 19 (2). They are
  4. Security of the State
  5. Decency or morality
  6. Contempt of Court
  7. Friendly relations with foreign states -(Added by 1stAmendment to the constitution)
  8. Public order (added by 1stAmendment)
  9. Incitement to an offence (added by 1stAmendment)
  10. Integrity & Sovereignty of India — (added by 16thAmendment 1963)
  1. scandalises or tends to scandalise, or lowers or tends to lower the authority of, any court; or
  2. prejudices, or interferes or tends to interfere with, the due course of any judicial proceeding; or
  3. interferes or tends to interfere with, or obstructs or tends to obstruct, the administration of justice in any other manner
  1. The supreme law of land, under article 129 states that the Supreme Court shall be a court of record and shall have all the powers of such a court including the power to punish for contempt of itself.
  2. Article 215 of the constitution confers similar powers to the High Courts. It states that High Courts to be courts of record. Every High Court shall be a court of record and shall have all the powers of such a court including the power to punish for contempt of itself.
  3. Likewise, section 124 A, 499, 500 of the Indian Penal Code & S 12 of Contempt of courts act, 1971 puts a reasonable restriction on the exercise of article 19 (1)(a).

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